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What is a URL?

A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the address that we use when we want to find exactly where something is located online.

Back in the early days on the internet, a URL most often took you directly to a file located on a server. That was when most web pages were static and just had plain text on them.

Now, in the days of online stores, blogs with comment sections and special services that are offered online, URL's are much more than the location of a file. They can correspond to database commands, certain input fields and even executable files.

A URL can be broken down into a few parts. It takes the following format:

protocol://hostname/other_information

Let's take a look at what those parts mean.

ProtocolThis is the protocol, or method, that you use to connect to the resource you indicate. Usually, this is http (HyperText Transfer Protocol), but URL's can also use a number of other methods to connect to sites such as FTP (File Transfer Protocol) and https (Secure HTTP).
HostnameThis is the domain name - it shows what server the resource is located on.
Other InformationThis can show things like what folder (or directory) on the server the URL points to - so if you have a main folder (or a main site) that's called myawesomesite and a folder inside it called myawesomeblog, the URL that you use to find that resource might be http://myawesomesite.com/myawesomeblog.
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